The Noorani Qaida is an Arabic language training program that teaches children and other language learners the proper pronunciation and letter exit throughout several stages, enabling them to recite the Qur’an with a high level of skill.
Everyone can learn it, not only kids, but it is preferable to start learning the Noorani Qaida when a person is only 3 or 4 years old because learning throughout childhood is like carving on a stone. So, in this article, we will learn how to learn Noorani Qaida for kids.
How to Learn Noorani Qaida for Kids?
The child can begin learning to read through the Noorani Qaida as soon as they turn four. There are multiple lessons in the Noorani Qaida program, and they must be taken in the order that the creator of the Qaida intended. And they’re as follows:
The first lesson teaches the alphabets, which are ( .. – ا – ب – ت – ث ) and so forth, making up the 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet. The hamza (ء) is considered a separate letter as in the word (أخذ), and the alif (ا) in the word (ذات) comes from it.
When learning the letters, the following points must be taken into consideration:
- Perfectly learn the alphabets from Alif to Yaa and from Yaa to Alif
- Kids must learn the alphabet letter by letter, and must not move on to the next one before mastering the previous one. And to consider Tafkheem and Tarqeeq (Light and heavy letters) Heavy letters are (خص ، ضغط ، قظ) And the rest are light letters. While Lam and Raa are between both. And Alif follows what comes before it.
- Reading according to Tajweed rules by making children repeat the sound they heard.
- It is not acceptable to pronounce the letters like (حاء، راء، طاء، هاء، ياء) even if that’s how they’re pronounced in modern Arabic, In the Quran, the letters are pronounced like (حا، را، طا، ها، يا)
In this lesson, teachers explain compound letters (letters that consist of two letters or more). The child learns to read the compound letters by spelling and not by their sound, for example, the letter (لا) is taught to the child by its spelling, as they do not know this letter and its structure, so they’re told: the letter (لا) is Lam and Alif. And in this lesson, the child is taught to distinguish between the compound letters and the other letters, here are some examples of compound letters:-
- بلب: بَا، لا، بَا
- تكث: تَا، كَافْ، ثَا
- تس: تَا، سِينْ
- بج: بَا، جِيمْ
The Cutout Letters
Those letters are known as the Noorani letters. They were taken by the sheikhs, but the scholars disagreed on how to read them; they also didn’t know the exact meaning of those letters. The teachers in this lesson must follow Tajweed rules while reading, like Madd for example. And since children’s breathing is short, which makes it hard for them to read with Madd, the teacher doesn’t have to force them to read with it
Now let’s know the Noorani letters. The Noorani letters are 14 and they’re divided into 4 groups:
- Alif: not stretched (without madd)
- Letters of حي طهر: stretched by 2 haraka (with a normal madd)
- Letters of نقص لكم
- The letter ع: with madd, sometimes 4 haraka and sometimes 6
After completing the first 3 lessons the child is supposed to be able to distinguish between all Quran letters perfectly. The following are examples of the cut-out letters and how they’re pronounced:-
- طه: نطقها (طَا هَا)
- طسم: نطقها (طَا سِينْ مِيمْ)
Harakat (Arabic Articulations signs)
The 3 harakat:
In this lesson, the child learns the 3 harakat, Fatha, Kasra, and Dammah. They must understand why they were given those names. For example, the English word for Fatha is open, and it was given that name because the person opens their mouth to pronounce it.
The letters were organized by Sheikh Noor Al-Haqqani according to their point of articulation, starting with the letter hamza, which exits from the roof of the throat, and ending with the letter Meem, which exits from the lips. And in this lesson, the teacher focuses on Qalqala when the letter is Sakin. Qalqala letters are: (قطب جد). Teachers should also be aware of other Tajweed aspects like Tafkheem and Tarqeeq
Tanween Letters (articulating some letters by adding the sound of N to the end of each letter)
The Tanween sign is a double fatah, kasra, or dammah, like( ـٌ ـً ـٍ ). And they’re pronounced as follows:
- Ma: Meem double Fatah: Mann
- Meem double Kasra: Minn
- Meem double dammah: munn
It’s important to know that the Alif in Tanween Al-Fath are neither spoken nor spelled according to the Noorani Qaida, which follows the rule that what is not pronounced is not written. Additionally, it should be noted that if the reading is stopped at that point in Tanween al-Fath, the alif is stretched by two haraka, the focus must be on the Ghunna which exits from the nasal cavity.
The 3 Stereched (madd) Harakat
- The little أ , which is the streched fathah
- The small ي , which is the long kasrah
- The small و , which is the long dammah
Al Madd Al Leen
Al Madd al leen letters are و and ي. And it occurs when a waaw saakinah or a yaa saakinah are preceded by a letter with a fatha. The consonant letter is uttered with the letter before it when pronouncing the vowels in words. Al Madd al leen letters were given this name because they are so simple to pronounce, as the Arabic word leen means soft/flexible. And in this lesson, the child learns that the alif after waw Al jamaa (plural waw) is silent.
- Ba alif fath ba
- Ba waw damm bo
- Ba ya kasr be
Sukoon means that the letter has no Harakat. The child learns that it was called sukoon because our mouth rests while pronouncing the letter with it. Sukoon is very important for the child to learn as it is in the instance of hamzatul qataa (the cutting hamza), unlike other harakat. And it corrects each letter exit.
This is how its spelled:-
أَبْ: hamza fatha ba sukoon
إِبْ: hamza kasra ba sukoon
أُبْ: hamza damm ba sukoon
In this lesson, the child learns what the jazm (amputation) letter looks like. Which is like a small ح written above the letter. The child needs to learn how to distinguish between similar letters in exits. Like both the letter ذ and س by training their tongues making the س sakinah and the ذ not sakinah like: ( ذِ سْ، ذَ سْ، ذُ سْ ). And other letters like ت and ط like: ( تَ طْ، تُ طْ، تِ طْ )
It’s important to know that the Sakin letters can’t be spelled without a vowel.
In this lesson, the child learns what the shaddah looks like and where it’s placed on the letter/words. The Mushadad letter consists of 2 letters the first is sakin and the second is a vowel. And here they must be told that qalqala falls when pronouncing the Mushadad letter.
Shaddah In Quran
- Kaf dammah: كُ. Waaw sukoon: كُو. Waaw kasra: كُوِّ. Ra fatha Ta sukoon: كُوِّرَتْ
- Ba dammah Ra sukoon: بُرْ. Ra kasra: بُرِّ. Za fatha: زَ
- Meem fatha Ra sukoon: مَرْ. Ra damma Waaw sukoon: مَرُّو
What is the best way to Learn Noorani Qaida for Kids?
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