Islam teaches us the perfect way of life. In Islam, taking care of your surroundings, helping the poor, and keeping the environment clean is highly important. The Quran and Hadees teach us that we should take care of our surroundings and help the needy.
You can easily understand more about it yourself if you learn Quran with translation or Tafseer because that lets you understand the Quranic verses. But do not fret if you cannot understand Arabic. We are here to make it simpler for you. In this blog, we will be talking in detail about the teachings of the Prophet (PBUH) about environmental protection.
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) has mentioned in a number of his Ahadith to keep the environment clean and ensure that we Muslims do not harm it in any way. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) has provided us with a number of teachings about protecting the environment.
He did not only verbally tell us, but he practically completed such tasks to create an example for his Ummah. Therefore, it is essential for us to follow his exampling and keep our environment clean.
So, below are the 5 things the Prophet (PBUH) taught us about protecting our environment.
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Teachings Of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) For Protecting The Environment
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) has left us a number of environment-related Ahadith. Therefore, it is important that we follow his teachings in order to keep our world a safe and clean place.
1. Try To Conserve Our Resources As Much As Possible
Conserving the resources is highly important. By conserving our resources, we can ensure that we have saved the resources that we have left for a longer period of time.
With each passing day, the population of mankind is increasing, in contrast, with each passing day, as the population is increasing, the resources are decreasing. Although this might not seem like a big issue, increasing population is not only decreasing our natural resources but is harming the natural habitat of numerous species and polluting our environment in ways we have not even thought of before.
But if we practice conservation, this may not only help in bringing a much-needed balance to the ecosystem, but it will also help in saving different species from extinction.
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) has created a perfect example of conserving the resources in his lifetime. According to a Hadis which was narrated by Anas Ibn Malik R.A says:
كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَتَوَضَّأُ بِالْمُدِّ وَيَغْتَسِلُ بِالصَّاعِ إِلَى خَمْسَةِ أَمْدَادٍ
“The Prophet s.a.w. would perform ablution with one mudd (half a kilogram of water) and would perform a ritual bath with one sa’ (two kilograms of water), up to five mudd (two and a half kilograms of water).”
The above-mentioned Hadith highlights how the Holy Prophet (PBUH) was extremely careful and vigilant in utilizing natural resources. He even made sure that he utilized water in a very careful manner.
The Hadith encourages us to use minimal amount of water wherever it is possible. This is a great and a positive approach to help cover and save our resources. In fact, water pays a huge role in both religious and worldly affairs. Muslims use water for preparing themselves for Ibadat or rituals such as Ablution (Wudhu) and obligatory bath (ghusl). Our Prophet (PBUH) teaches us to avoid any wastage of water and to practice moderation.
We know that wastage can affect the environment greatly. It will cause a lot of problems for the world and its inhabitants in the coming future. Therefore, it is highly important for us to conserve what resources we can to combat unnecessary wastage.
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2. Make Sure To Plant Trees
It is highly important that you plant trees. Greenery, such as trees and plants is seen in numerous areas of the world. From the Amazon forest to the thick forests of Africa, we can witness hundreds of plantations and trees. But this is not enough. With the rise in population, many forests have been cut down to pave the way for different housing societies and stuff like that.
Therefore, it is highly important that we plant trees. Wherever you find the space, plant trees. Trees will help by improving the air and water quality by absorbing numerous pollutants. Trees can aid by releasing oxygen, as well as reducing the ozone levels and depletion.
The Holy Prophet (PBUH) himself encouraged the planting of trees. Hazrat Anas ibn Malik (R.A) reported that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:
مَا مِنْ مُسْلِمٍ يَغْرِسُ غَرْسًا، أَوْ يَزْرَعُ زَرْعًا، فَيَأْكُلُ مِنْهُ طَيْرٌ أَوْ إِنْسَانٌ أَوْ بَهِيمَةٌ، إِلاَّ كَانَ لَهُ بِهِ صَدَقَةٌ
“There is none amongst the Muslims who plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, but is regarded as a charitable gift”.
After reading the Hadith, we can understand that every good deed that a Muslim performs will be answered with a great reward. Therefore, when you plant a tree, you are indirectly providing a safe habitat to numerous animals, such as squirrels or birds. Therefore, as you have shown mercy to Allah (Azza Wa Jall’s) creation, Allah in return will reward you with his own mercy.
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3. Make Sure To Practice Sustainable Consumption Whenever It Is Possible
Ever heard of the 3R’s? Well, the 3 R’s are reduced, reuse, and recycle. By using this approach, we can use only what is needed. We can now use the same resource multiple times while we can convert the waste into numerous useful resources and products.
According to a number of sources, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) would usually stitch his own torn clothes or shoes instead of discarding them. Besides, the Prophet of Allah (PBUH) would advise his companions to sew their garments in a neat manner.
The Prophet (PBUH)’s wife Hazrat Aisha (R.A) answered an inquirer who asked what the Prophet would do when he was home.
مَا يَصْنَعُ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي بَيْتِهِ، يَخْصِفُ النَّعْلَ، وَيَرْقَعُ الثَّوْبَ، وَيَخِيطُ
“He did what one of you would do in his house. He mended sandals and patched garments and sewed.”
4. Care For Allah’s Creation
Animals make a large part of Allah’s creation. Taking care of animals along with other creatures of Allah is highly important. On this planet, apart from human beings, the other important componants are animals. Each and every creature of Allah (Azza Wa Jall) has a key role to play. Such creatures exist to balance out each other to decrease the negative impacts on the environments.
Therefore, it is highly important that you take care of such creatures. Besides, it is the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) to care for the animals. Narrated by Hazrat Abu Hurayrah R.A, a few people asked the Prophet of Allah about the rewards of serving animals. To this the Holy Prophet (PBUH) replied.
فِي كُلِّ كَبِدٍ رَطْبَةٍ أَجْرٌ
“There is a reward for serving any living being”.
This reply of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) highlights the importance of serving and caring for all the living creatures on this Earth. This is also clarified as the Holy Prophet (PBUH) mentions a reward for doing such noble acts.
The Prophet of Allah himself set examples of caring for different animals. For instance, the Prophet of Allah would not overburden the carriage animals such as horses, cattle, or camels. He would not harm domestic animals such as cats.
In fact, according to a number of services, the Prophet had a cat named Muezza. According to these sources, one day when the Prophet awoke on the sound of Adhan, he saw his cat Muezza sleeping on the sleeve of his prayer robe. Instead of disturbing his cat from sleep, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) cut the sleeve off.
According to a number of other sources, the Holy Prophet used to gently stroke his beloved cat on the back. Due to this, a lot of Muslims also stroke their cats on the back as it’s the sunnah of the Holy Prophet.
Thus, when it comes to the state of the environment, taking good care of the well-being of Allah (Azza wa Jall)’s Creation is highly important. This will help in making sure the welfare of all the living beings to carry out their responsibilities for this world’s sake.
5. Make Sure To Keep The Environment Neat And Clean
As human beings and most importantly Muslims, it is essential that we keep the environment safe and clean. We need to fulfill our duties to keep our environment clean. This can be known as environmental hygiene as well. This is a very important part of both infection protection as well as control.
This helps by maintaining both the emotional and mental stability of the inhabitants alongside the overall wellbeing. This also aid in promoting higher productivity across different levels of ecosystems.
To keep the environment safe and clean, there are two ways you can go for. On one side, this will involve removing and discarding stuff which is dirty and harmful. It is highly important that you maintain the cleanliness as well as keep the safety measures in check. As expected, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) has shown us how to handle both. Hazrat Abu Hurayrah R.A narrates a Hadith of the Holy Prophet:
بَيْنَمَا رَجُلٌ يَمْشِي بِطَرِيقٍ، وَجَدَ غُصْنَ شَوْكٍ فَأَخَذَهُ، فَشَكَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُ، فَغَفَرَ لَه
“While a man was walking along a path, he found a thorny branch of a tree on the way and removed it. Allah s.w.t. thanked him for that deed and forgave him”.
The Hadith advises us that when we go on a path, and we see a stone or a thorn on the path, it is important that we remove it. The reason behind this is that the people who will come on that path after us, they might not see the stone/thorn or get injured. If we remove the harmful stuff from the path, we would save all those people. Allah (Azza Wa Jall) will reward that person for this good deed.